For detailed information on the Primary and Secondary Cultural Characteristics, go here.
- Stats for Vietnam
Top 25 Stats
Total Population- 93.4 M (14th); Total Gospel Visits- 7.6 M (8th); Total Gospel Decisions- 297,000 (23rd).
Fastest Growing Religion
Human Development Index
Vietnamese (84%, mostly coastal people with large differences culturally between the north and south Vietnamese); Mon-Khmer (4.3%); Zhuang (3%); Thai-Dai- (1.9%); Hmong/Miao (1.5%); Cham (1.1%).
Decades of war followed by Marxist economics; Loss of Soviet financial backing in 1990’s. Reforms since 1986 brought a modern economy and helped develop a middle class. A large gap between urban wealth and rural poverty; Second largest world rice exporter. People suffer with oppression, drug addiction, AIDS, prostitution, and child exploitation. Most people now were born after wars and have greater interest in outside world and wealth.
History / Politics
Vietnam is one of the few communist countries left in the world. Independence from France in 1954, then 3 decades of war with France first, then the U.S. North and South unified under communism after U.S. withdrew in 1975. Human rights violations continue, but with some improvement. Economic growth and new wealth present challenges to Marxist ideals.
People have great mistrust after decades of violence and now oppression. Ancestor worship is stronger than any commitment to Buddhism or other religions. There is a much greater openness to the Gospel, especially among the young. Growth is occurring in all Christian groups; Many in diaspora are becoming Christians. The mountain people are more open to the Gospel, but mistreated by the government. Hmong have greatly responded; No Christians in 1988 and now 400,000 in 2010. The Hmong especially responded to Christian radio broadcasts. Protestant missionary work ended in 1975; Seeds were planted and reaping now occurs. Suffering and persecution by the government continue to harm the church. The church urgently needs leadership training and theological training.
Pray for reconciliation for all the years of violence. Pray for openness of the people and the development of a true church that is Vietnamese. Pray for continued openness by minorities such as the Hmong. Pray for continued ministry to the diaspora and that these would minister back home.